Known South Mongolian Activist Hada has been arrested by Chinese
police for promoting Mongolian culture and protection of human
rights and still detained after the completion of 15 years prison
term in 2010.
Mr. Hada, an activist for South Mongolia¡¯s indigenous people, has
been well known. Huuchinhuu, another supporter of Mongolian culture,
and Hada have been a classmate at University and she was a friend of
Hada¡¯s wife Shinne. The three are known each other for some time.
When Chinese South Mongolia Central Government announced a mass Han
Chinese migration to South Mongolia in 1981, ¡°Statement 28¡±, they
joined opposition movement at the University. They wanted to stay at
the university after the graduation, but Chinese government
prevented them from staying at the university because of this
movement they participated in.
Therefore, after the graduation, Hada became a high school teacher
at Hohhot City, South Mongol¡¯s capital and Huuchinhuu worked at Jrim,
eastern section, opposing Han Chinese colonization of South
In 1989, Hada opened a
book store, Mongolian Literature Co. that handled specialized books
on Mongolia as well as CD in Mongolian language and folk art
objects. Hada and other Mongolian intellectuals gathered in Huhhot
City, organized a group named ¡°Free South Mongolia Association¡±.
They ratified by laws and determined to pursue establishment of Free
On the World Human Rights Day, December 10, 1995, Chinese government
arrested Hada¡¯s group as ¡°illegal group that is active in separatist
activities¡± Those who were arrested and tortured was more than 50.
It looked as though the second cultural revolution. The group leader
Hada received prison sentence of 15 years and imprisoned at
Uraanhada city No. 4 prison as ¡°spy¡± and ¡°secessionist¡±.
The remaining organization was working on opposing against a mass
immigration of Han Chinese and their cultivation and destruction of
savanna, environmental destruction due to excavation of minerals,
human rights violation of birth control to Mongolians, exposing
unfair operations of Chinese communist party over minority
Mongolians, protection of Mongolian culture etc within the legal
realm of Chinese laws but the organization demised in 3 years.
As Hada was sentenced for 15 years, which made most of supporters
Chinese authority pressured Huuchinhuu to break a relation with Hada
and Shinne completely. But Huuchinhuu refused.
When Hada¡¯s son, Uiiles at 17 years old, had a quarrel with school
mate and he was sentenced 3 years imprisonment as a robbery, which
he did not commit. Shinne was fired from Huhhot high schools
Shinne at Huhhot has been followed by police all the time. Plain
clothed police visited Shinne¡¯s book store frequently and without
any reason confiscated expensive books, art objects etc. This writer
was working at her book store during summer of 1996. One day 4 young
men showed up saying that they are police without showing any
identification, confiscated CDs and tapes and even speakers which
was placed in front of the book store on the ground that speakers
degrade scenery of the city. Shinne tried to recover all the
confiscated material but it was in vain. Shinne told me that this
sort of things happen at least several tens of times a year.
Chinese have a rule called ¡°One crime, 9 family member¡±. Chinese
applied that law to South Mongolians. This means that any one in the
family commit ¡°crime?¡± all the family members and relatives will be
punished. It even expanded to a simple friend relations. Chinese
government arrested many South Mongolians and imprisoned them and
tortured and killed a large numbers of innocent citizens. Therefore,
even now South Mongolians are afraid of becoming a friend with any
one who is labeled by Chinese government as a political criminals.
As a result of application of Chinese law, Hada¡¯s 17 years old son
was imprisoned without reason. Almost robbery like Chinese
authorities action to Shinne¡¯s book store, are evidence of
violations of human rights in this 21st century.
Hada and Shinne are looked upon as ¡°dangerous elements¡± with
political crimes and a regular South Mongolian avoided them because
Chinese government may injure innocent bystanders. Of course, there
were considerate people and helped Shinne and Huuchinhuu. In spite
of these ruthless world, what supported them was Hada¡¯s invincible
spirit of justice in prison.
Came winter of 2010, everybody was expecting Hada¡¯s return from
prison by finishing his 15 years prison sentence. China also
indicated that China is becoming a country which is adhering to the
rule of law. So everyone thought that Hada who was adjudged by a
rule of law should be released by the rule of law. However, in a
hidden backdoors, Chinese authority started changing mind in the
early part of 2010. Shinne and Uiiles were able to see Hada in April
but after that Chinese authority did not allow them to see Hada. On
the 6th November, Huuchinhuu wrote on her blog that ¡°Let¡¯s go and
meet Hada on the day he is released¡±. Then, on the 11th November,
she was arrested by Chinese authority. Although she was returned
home, two police cars and 8 plain clothed police were placed around
her apartment from that day on. She was under house arrest. On the
17th November, Huuchinhuu was interviewed by Radio Free Asia. She
mentioned Hada¡¯s imprisonment and her condition to RFA. As a result,
Chinese authority confiscated her mobile phone, regular phone,
computer etc. She lost contact with outside completely. Then on,
number of plain clothed police increased to 20.
On the 3rd December, Shinne and Uiiles were arrested and ¡°Mongolian
Literature Company¡± was shutdown by force. Uiiles was frequently
looking for where-about of Shinne but she was completely
On the 10th December, a large numbers of people in the world were
looking for Hada¡¯s release from the prison. Media also paid
attention. Some courageous Mongolians went to see his coming out of
the No.4 prison but Hada never came out. The day was covered by a
deep snow and the day ended quietly. It was very sad day.
On January 26th 2011, when Huuchinhuu was discharged from a
hospital, Chinese police asked her to write a letter admitting her
crime and reflecting her wrong doing. At the same time police asked
her to write another letter to Hada asking him to admit his crime.
Police said if she does that she will be free immediately. However,
if she doesn¡¯t, they will give her a long term prison sentence. She
immediately refused police¡¯s order to write a letter. Then Chinese
police took her away from the hospital and she disappeared from the
face of the earth.
At that time, there were some pictures of Hada meeting his wife and
son released in internet and looked as though he was released. But
in reality, Hada met them is a short period of time. Chinese police
told Hada that if he writes an oath that he will not conduct
promotion of Mongolian culture and related activities against China,
Chinese government will give a good job to his son, Uiiles and
assure that Shinne gets compensated and ¡°Mongolian Literature
Company¡± will be reopened. Also they said a professorship will be
given him at the university. Hada refused to write a letter of
admitting his crime against China. Hada said I am not committing any
crime. I am doing a regular South Mongolian would do in South
Mongolia. If China thinks what I am doing is a crime against China,
he said he will sue China. (Because the wrong doing is on China¡¯s
side when China breached the agreement with South Mongolian
regarding complete independence of autonomous region.)
Hada family have been disappeared for some time since then and still
From that time on till this time of writing, we have no news on Hada,
his wife and his son. No one knows what will happen in the future,
which is completely unpredictable.
This is the life and reality of South Mongolians who live in
autonomous region of South Mongolia, China.